The scenery of the island is rivalled in northeastern North America by only Newfoundland;[citation needed] and Cape Breton Island tourism marketing places a heavy emphasis on its Scottish Gaelic heritage through events such as the Celtic Colours Festival, held each October, as well as promotions through the Gaelic College of Celtic Arts and Crafts. The Condé Nast travel guide has rated Cape Breton Island as one of the world's best island destinations. [4] Cape Breton Island has experienced a decline in population of approximately 2.9% since the 2011 census. The establishment of funding for the Gaelic College of Celtic Arts and Crafts and formal Gaelic language courses in public schools are intended to address the near-loss of this culture to English assimilation. 15. Major Timothy Hierlihy and his regiment on board HMS Hope worked in and protected from privateer attacks on the coal mines at Sydney Cape Breton. At present several schools in Cape Breton offer Gaelic Studies and Gaelic language programs, and the language is taught at University College of Cape Breton. The island's primary east–west road is Highway 105, the Trans-Canada Highway, although Trunk 4 is also heavily used. Considerable snowfall occurs in winter, especially in the highlands. I hope you will want to help me tell everyone who cares about Cape Breton Island that the website is available. It’s the perfect time to explore Cape Breton Island. [23], Gaelic speakers in Cape Breton, as elsewhere in Nova Scotia, furnished a large proportion of the local population from the 18th century on. Warm-Up to winter with our ‘Bring Your Own Bubble Contest’! A few years into the war there was also a naval engagement between French ships and a British convoy off Sydney, Nova Scotia, near Spanish River (1781), Cape Breton. 2003. p. 18. Not a chance. Although winter conditions prevented the freeing of the prisoners, the mission did result in the capture of Mellish, a vessel carrying a vital supply of winter clothing intended for John Burgoyne's troops in Canada. [24], The 2016 Canadian Census shows that there are only 40 reported speakers of Gaelic as a mother tongue in Cape Breton. These peoples and their progeny inhabited the island (known as Unama'ki) for several thousand years and continue to live there to this day. Shipbuilding peaked in the 1850s, marked in 1851 by the full-rigged ship Lord Clarendon, the largest wooden ship ever built in Cape Breton. Roger Sarty and Doug Knight. William Davis Miners' Memorial Day is celebrated in coal mining towns to commemorate the deaths of miners at the hands of the coal companies. These awards honour the top travel destinations and companies around the globe. Winter is no time to sit back and let the season pass you by, it's full of adventure, events and hospitality. Cape Breton Island is composed mainly of rocky shores, rolling farmland, glacial valleys, barren headlands, mountains, woods and plateaus. Bell also built the forerunner to the iron lung and experimented with breeding sheep. John Cabot reportedly visited the island in 1497. “Wendy’s house, unlike many in Cape Breton, had three floors, along with a basement and attic. In 1820, the colony of Cape Breton Island was merged for the second time with Nova Scotia. But come winter, these waterfalls turn into a completely different scene. The island measures 10,311 square kilometres (3,981 sq mi) in area, making it the 77th largest island in the world and Canada's 18th largest island. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. He composed a song about the area called "O 's àlainn an t-àite", or "O, Fair is the Place.". Large-scale shipbuilding began in the 1790s, beginning with schooners for local trade moving in the 1820s to larger brigs and brigantines, mostly built for British shipowners. At one time, Glace Bay was known as the largest town in Nova Scotia, based on population. The post was sent to a police officer with the Cape Breton Regional Police which resulted in an investigation. Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, Canada Home; Destinations . This development is one of the factors which led to large-scale industrial development in the Sydney Coal Field of eastern Cape Breton County. The Cape Breton Post was founded in 1901 and is based in Sydney. [29] On the other hand, there are families and individuals who have recommenced intergenerational transmission. This traditional fiddle music of Cape Breton is studied by musicians around the world, where its global recognition continues to rise. It supports a vibrant, but seasonal tourist industry with a mix of cultural and historical attractions. Police interviewed Steylen and searched his home resulting in the seizure of a .22-calibre rifle. Point Edward on the west side of Sydney Harbour is the location of Sydport, a former navy base (HMCS Protector) now converted to commercial use. Cape Breton is known for its spectacular beauty, vibrant living cultures and outdoor adventure and this is especially so during our winters. The island has five reserves of the Miꞌkmaq Nation: Eskasoni, Membertou, Wagmatcook, Waycobah, and Potlotek/Chapel Island. In addition to Cape Breton Island, the French colony of Île Royale also included Île Saint-Jean, today called Prince Edward Island, and Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine. The mines were in a neglected state, caused by careless operations dating back at least to the time of the final fall of Louisbourg in 1758. 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