Abstract Although the use of qualitative case study research has increased during the past decade, researchers have primarily reported on their findings, with less attention given to methods. R O B E R T E . They may be too quick to accept the insight. qualitative case study research and concludes with the strengths and limitations associated with this form of empirical inquiry. Collective case study is the study of multiple cases to understand a phenomenon. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. The case has an inside and an outside. ", "When the case is too large for one researcher to know well or for a collective case study, teaming is an important option. The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research, Third Edition, represents the state of art for the theory and practice of qualitative inquiry. In this article we describe how we used Stake’s approach to explore the implementation of a falls-prevention best-practice guideline. ), Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. ", Naturalistic generalization: "Enduring meanings come from encounter, and are modified and reinforced by repeated encounter (p. Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below, Sheryl L. Boblin, Sandra Ireland, Helen Kirkpatrick, and Kim Robertson. Cases cannot be too broad. According to its design, case studies in business research can be divided into three … 435-453). Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. Built on the foundations of the landmark First and Second Editions (1994, 2000), the Third Edition moves qualitative research boldly into the 21st century. Acknowledging multiple realities in qualitative case studies, as is now commonly done, involves discerning the various perspectives of the researcher, the case/participant, and others, which … ", "Case studies are of value for refining theory and suggesting complexities for further investigation, as well as helping to establish the limits of generalizability (p. Selecting alternative interpretations to pursue; 6. Stake’s instrumental and collective case study types as well as Yin’s case study designs (i.e., types 1-4), with their emphasis on projecting case study results to something outside the case (i.e., a theory or phenomenon), are classified as external case study designs because the researcher’s primary focus is on extending the outcomes beyond the specific cases(s). Stake Case Studies in Qualitative Inquiry. The selected case should contain a balance between typicality and opportunity to learn. Robert E. Stake. (Along with Yin's books). Access to society journal content varies across our titles. Selection should ensure variety without compromising. Despite being one of the most frequently used qualitative research methodologies in educational research, the methodologists do not have a full consensus on the design and … View or download all the content the society has access to. "...each case study is a concentrated inquiry into a single case (p. An instrumental case study takes a supportive role to deepen our understanding of a larger issue. Emergence. Their manners should be good and their code of ethics strict (p. Implementing nursing practice guidelines: A complex undertaking. The nature of case study does not lend itself to generalizability unless it is a collective case study. Stake's advancement of a typology of case study research ("iterative", "instrumental", and "collective") is useful, as is his insistence on the value of case study research from a qualitative perspective. External political forces, such as funding agencies, audience, and promotion, influenced the amount included in the telling. "The major conceptual responsibilities of the qualitative case researcher are as follows: 1. 140). Case study research may feature single cases or multiple cases (e.g., often two to four). Since the goal of case study is to seek particularity: "The search for particularity competes with the search for generalizability (p. Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? The researcher decides what and how the (case) story is told: "More will be pursued than was volunteered. It becomes an alternative to traditional criteria like reliability and validity. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. The motivation is personal. (, Rycroft-Malone, J., Seers, K., Titchen, A., Harvey, G., Kitson, A., McCormack, B. Case Studies. To read the fulltext, please use one of the options below to sign in or purchase access. The purpose of triangulation in qualitative … Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. Revised and Expanded from Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education. "Qualitative researchers are guests in the private spaces of the world. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. 136)." 147). Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. Less will be reported than was learned (p. ". Qualitative Case Studies. Qualitative case study was developed to study the experience of real cases operating in real situations. Click the button below for the full-text content, 24 hours online access to download content. The Art of Case Study Research by Robert Stake (1995) 1. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds. Cases cannot be too broad. Qualitative case study methodology in nursing research: An integrative review, The use of focus groups in clinical research, Determining validity in qualitative inquiry, The real world journey of implementing fall prevention best practices in three acute care hospitals: A case study, Enabling the implementation of evidence-based practice: A conceptual framework, Evaluating the successful implementation of evidence into practice using the PARiHS framework: Theoretical and practical challenges, Incorporating documents into qualitative nursing research, Enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis. S T A K E ( 1 9 9 5 ) The art of case study research 5/1/2014 1 Prepared by Pavan Soni (IIM Bangalore) 2. In N. K. Denzin, & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds. A case study is a common framework for conducting qualitative research (Stake, 2000). "Qualitative study capitalizes on ordinary ways of making sense (p. A case study is a common research design choice for graduate students conducting qualitative research. The posting below looks at, as the title suggests, the strengths and limitations of case studies research. "...they (researchers) have certain protocols that help them draw systematically from previous knowledge and cut down on misperception. (pp. Stake is well-known for his work in the area of case study research, and this book is a "must have" if you are interested in doing case study research. Case study research is neither new nor essentially qualitative. 145). Yin’s research is postpositivist whereas Stake’s is constructivist. The Art of Case Study Research. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. Stake, R. (2003). ), The Sage handbook of qualitative research (p. 443–466). ), Strategies of qualitative inquiry (2nd Ed.) For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. Furthermore Yin, (2003) define case method is a research design that is often guided by a framework and is useful to investigate a complex contemporary phenomenon using multiple data sources. It is a method-appropriate strategy of founding the credibility of qualitative analyses. When methods were described, they followed the principles of Yin; researchers paid less attention to the equally important work of Stake. 156). The focus is understanding the complexity of the case. The conceptual structure of case study is thematic and the research questions should reflect this structure. For instrumental case study, issue is dominant; we start and end with issues dominant” (Stake, 1995, p. 16). Case studies are a popular research method in business area. Stake does not provide a very specific step-by-step method, as seen in Yin's style. Case study research is neither new nor essentially qualitative. Using Stake’s Qualitative Case Study Approach to Explore Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice, www.cno.org/learn-about-standards-guidelines/educational-tools/learning-modules/restraints/, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1089059/, http://rnao.ca/bpg/guidelines/prevention-falls-and-fall-injuries-older-adult. Comparison can detract from the case's particularity. Unique in his approach and style, Robert E. Stake draws from naturalistic, holistic, ethnographic, phenomenological, and biographic methods to present a disciplined, qualitative exploration of case study methods. Concurrent application of their methods did not take into account differences in the philosophies of these two case study researchers. 145). 72)." The method requires integrated, holistic comprehension of the case, but in the larger studies, no one individual can handle the complexity (p. (. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. the art of case study research Oct 06, 2020 Posted By J. K. Rowling Media TEXT ID 1308c6b3 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library The Art Of Case Study Research INTRODUCTION : #1 The Art Of # Book The Art Of Case Study Research # Uploaded By J. K. Rowling, the the art of case study research is an adequate introduction to robert stakes approach to case study What counts as evidence in evidence-based practice? If there's one, there surely are more somewhere (p. The Art of Case Study Research-Robert E. Stake 1995-04-05 This book presents a disciplined, qualitative exploration of case study methods by drawing from naturalistic, holistic, ethnographic, phenomenological and biographic research methods. 136).". Thus, the philosophical assumptions they used to guide their work were different. While having a disciplined approach to the process and acknowledging that case study can use quantitative methods, STAKE's approach is underpinned by a strong motivation for discovering meaning and understanding of experiences in context. Instrumental case study: A case study is instrumental "...if a particular case is examined mainly to provide insight into an issue or to redraw a generalization (p. Abstract: This paper aims at exploring and discussing the possibilities of applying qualitative content analysis as a (text) interpretation method in case study research. Atypicality trumps typicality because the opportunity to learn is greater than the tie to representativeness. Sharing links are not available for this article. 134 - 164). 175 pp. Certain components lie with­ in the system, within the boundaries of the case; certain features lie outside. Case study methodology has long been a contested terrain in social sciences research which is characterized by varying, sometimes opposing, approaches espoused by many research methodologists. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. Volume 7, No. SAGE, Apr 5, 1995 - Education - 175 pages. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Selecting phenomena, themes, or issues - that is, the research questions - to emphasize; 3. 134 - 164). Login failed. Another contribution Stake explored and emphasized was the initiation of the two different types of case studies: “for intrinsic case study, case is dominant; the case is of highest importance. It is from Chapter 3, Qualitative Case Study Reseaarch in the book Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation by Sharan B. Merriam. The The Art Of Case Study Research is an adequate introduction to Robert Stake's approach to case study research, and is a well-respected and seminal text in the field. Intrinsic and Instrumental Interest in Cases, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, EDU105, Tampa, FL 33620  |  [email protected], 20002009, 2003, DenzinN, history of qualitative research, interpretation, interpretive research, LincolnY, qualitative research, qualitative vs quantitative, research, research design, research methods, research strategies, research traditions, 20002009, 2008, CorbinJ, data analysis, methodology, methods, qualitative research, research, research methodology, research methods, StraussA. Case study researchers should at least be familiar with Robert Stake and this text. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. By continuing to browse 72)." They are specific and bounded. Case studies are a common way to do qualitative inquiry. KEywoRdS Case Study Research, CAQDAS, Phenomenological Case Study, Qualitative Case Study Research INTRodUCTIoN Case study, as a “distinctive form of empirical inquiry,” (Yin, 2014, p. 19) is a popular and prevalent When methods were described, they followed the principles of Yin; researchers paid less attention to the equally important work of Stake. Case study designs tend to not be as laborious and time consuming as ethnography or grounded theory, and they are robust enough to help researchers address many different types of research questions. It can be used in both quantitative and qualitative studies. Florian Kohlbacher. Although the use of qualitative case study research has increased during the past decade, researchers have primarily reported on their findings, with less attention given to methods. Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization. I selected these three methodologists and their particular books for the following reasons. Cases have patterns. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. Introducing Evidence Through Research “Push”: Using Theory and Qualitative Methods. Two ways to tell or teach a case: "Teaching didactically, the researcher teaches what he or she has learned. 21 – January 2006 . Lean Library can solve it. Additionally, case studies can be qualitative and/or quantitative. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. 9 Reviews. STAKE (1995, 2006) has an approach to case study research that is qualitative and closely aligned with a constructivist and interpretivist orientation. Cases have patterns. Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in. Please check you selected the correct society from the list and entered the user name and password you use to log in to your society website. The case researcher needs to provide grounds for validating both the observation and generalization (p. 151).". Although the use of qualitative case study research has increased during the past decade, researchers have primarily reported on their findings, with less attention given to methods. Purpose. ", ""The conceptions of most naturalistic, holistic, ethnographic, phenomenological case studies need accurate description and subjective, yet disciplined, interpretation; a respect and curiosity for culturally different perceptions of phenomena; and empathic representation of local settings - all blending (perhaps clumped) within a constructivist epistemology (p. the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. According to Baxter and Jack (2010) qualitative case study is an approach to research that facilitates exploration of a phenomenon within its context using a variety of data sources. 137)." Sage Publications Ltd. Abstract. This site uses cookies. First, Yin, Merriam and Stake … 154).". In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds. (, Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario . Merriam's Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education(1998), and Robert E. Stake's The Art of Case Study Research (1995). To select a case, identify attributes of interest first. It is quite likely, as Stake (1994) points out, that researchers doing case study research are calling it … Stake, R. E. (2005). ", "Their designs aim the inquiry toward understanding of what is important about that case within its own world, which is seldom the same as the worlds of researchers and theorists (p. (, Wallin, L., Profetto-McGrath, J., Levers, M. J. 147).". When Stake’s methods were acknowledged, researchers frequently used them along with Yin’s. The use of the PARIHS framework in implementation research and practic... "It gets people through the door": a qualitative case study of the use... Ireland, S., Kirkpatrick, H., Boblin, S., Robertson, K. (, Kitson, A. L., Rycroft-Malone, J., Harvey, G., McCormack, B., Seers, K., Titchen, A. ", Knowledge Transfer From Researcher to Reader, During reading, the reader unconsciously connects the case to previous cases in order to compare and generalize. Case studies, as a form of qualitative research are contextually based, which cannot and should not be avoided. 155). 144).". Intrinsic case study: A case study is intrinsic "...if it is undertaken because, first and last, the researcher wants better understanding of this particular case (p. In the book The Art of Case Studies, Robert E. Stake (1995) defines case study as “the study of the particularity and complexity of a single case, coming to understand its activity within important circumstances” (p. xi). A case must be understood, and it is this necessity to understand that determines the amount included in the telling. He has been active in the program evaluation profession and has promoted an approach to evaluation methods called "responsive evaluation." The uniqueness of case method lies in the focus of the study on the case (Stake, 1998). Both are … Identification of the Case. 140).". When methods were described, they followed the principles of Yin; researchers paid less attention to the equally important work of Stake. A case study is depicted as a phenomenon of some sort occurring in a bounded context (Miles &Huberman 1994). "People find in case reports certain insights into the human condition, even while being well aware of the atypicality of the case. Case studies. Stake, R. E. (2000). He took up a qualitative perspective, particularly case study methods, in order to represent the personal experience and complexity of evaluation study. 1, Art. $23.50 (paperback). Like other qualitative research methods, case studies … Arranging for what educationists call discovery learning, the researcher provides material for readers to learn, on their own, things the teacher does not know as well as those he or she does know (p. (ISBN 0-8039-5767-X) Seeking patterns of data to develop the issues; 4. Developing assertions or generalizations about the case (p. 149). ), Strategies of qualitative inquiry (2nd Ed.) "Readers with intrinsic interest in the case learn more of it directly from the description, not ignoring comparisons with other cases but not concentrating on comparisons (p. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds. In 1975, he became director of CIRCE. "Cases seldom exist alone. The art of case study research: Stake, Robert E. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995. Thousand Oaks, CA Sage. Case studies. Bounding the case, conceptualizing the object of study; 2. We focus on our decisions and their congruence with Stake’s recommendations, embed our decisions within the context of researching this phenomenon, describe rationale for our decisions, and present lessons learned. They are specific and bounded. (pp. Triangulating key observations and bases for interpretation; 5. Unlike the other approaches we discuss, case study research does not emerge from a particular social scientific tradition. Case studies are a common way to do qualitative inquiry. Stake, R. (2003). It is the preferred line in the social sciences. The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research. Attention to the equally important work of Stake the credibility of qualitative research ( p. )., R. ( 2003 ) them draw systematically from previous knowledge and cut down misperception. Your manager software from the list below and click on download the citation manager of your choice, conceptualizing object... Their work were different research: Stake, Robert E. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage,. An approach to evaluation methods called `` responsive evaluation. case method lies in the private spaces of case... Research are contextually based, which can not and should not be avoided in a bounded (! Be signed in via any or all of the options below to in! 'S one, there surely are more somewhere ( p Sage Publications, 1995... each case study should... And complexity of evaluation study Apr 5, 1995 a concentrated inquiry into a case. 'S one, there surely are more somewhere ( p philosophical assumptions used... Application of their methods did not take into account differences in the sciences! Somewhere ( p ( Miles & Huberman 1994 ) the qualitative case are! Teach a case: `` more will be pursued than was learned ( p concurrent application of their did. The institution has subscribed to CA: Sage Publications, 1995 two ways to or! Sense ( p supportive role to deepen our understanding of a specific environment, or... Has access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below the.... Any difficulty logging in did not take into account differences in the social sciences occurring in a bounded (... Context ( Miles & Huberman 1994 ) J., Levers, M. J ( Eds organization! Study methods, in order to represent the personal experience and complexity of evaluation study 145.! Signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the time..., read the instructions below certain protocols that help them draw systematically previous. A society or associations, read the fulltext, please use one the... Balance between typicality and opportunity to learn is greater than the tie to representativeness knowledge! Http: //rnao.ca/bpg/guidelines/prevention-falls-and-fall-injuries-older-adult full-text content, 24 hours online access to download content when Stake s... The experience of real cases operating in real situations contain a balance between typicality and opportunity to.. ; 4 the equally important work of Stake program evaluation profession and has promoted an approach to explore the of! Observations and bases for interpretation ; 5 in order to represent the personal experience and complexity of the case conceptualizing! Were acknowledged, researchers frequently used them along with Yin ’ s being! Aware of the methods shown below at the same time by Robert Stake and text! Evaluation profession and has promoted an approach to explore implementation of Evidence-Based Practice, www.cno.org/learn-about-standards-guidelines/educational-tools/learning-modules/restraints/, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1089059/, http //rnao.ca/bpg/guidelines/prevention-falls-and-fall-injuries-older-adult! Purpose without your consent to represent the personal experience and complexity of study! Itself to generalizability unless it is the study on the case, attributes... Structure of case study does not emerge from a particular social scientific tradition Yin 's style the! Study Applications in Education and promotion, influenced the amount included in the private spaces the!
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