At the time, these relationships, though common, were still complex. Traditionally, it is a relationship of power. Symposium by Plato Questions and Answers. “No indeed,” I replied, “but the same person who told Phoenix;—he was a little fellow, who never wore any shoes, Aristodemus, of the deme. Male homosexual relationships are described as being the purest and only males are able to be pregnant in soul and finish the ladder of love. 23 likes. Below is a list of the speeches in the Symposium. The frame narrative distances the reader from the philosophical ideas, so as to reduce the authority of the speakers. The men include the philosopher Socrates, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and the comic playwright Aristophanes. How does Plato, using integrative thinking, ultimately find a way to connect erotic love, beauty and the absolute into a unified whole? Plato's SYMPOSIUM This dialogue is unlike the others of Plato, in as much as , Socrates does not question the others in the dialectical fashion, except briefly. Plato explores and defends his view of love in the Symposium, specifically in the dialogue between Socrates and Diotima (Symposium, 204e ­ 209e). What is function of the frame narrative (Aristodemus told Apollodorus who told a friend...) set up by Plato? Plato’s Symposium — Study Questions Plato’s Symposium: Plato recounts a drinking party following an evening meal, with guests including the poet Aristophanes, the drunken Alcibiades, and wise Socrates. Sexual relationships in ancient Athens were generally viewed asymmetrically. This distancing from the truth also helps to emphasize a central theme, that the truth is something that we must struggle toward. How are they similar? To achieve it, one must complete Diotima’s “Ladder of Love,” to achieve its purpose of giving birth to true virtue, having seen Beauty. Socrates himself never wrote a line that we know of; all that we know of him (his personality, his views, his biography) we get through Plato's ey es and pen. Rather, it connects someone who desires something with the thing they desire. Symposium by Plato Questions and Answers. "Eros : A Reading of Plato's Symposium and Phaedrus" Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms international, 1981. ― Plato, Symposium. Rather, Love is that desire which finds itself in the absence of all these praiseworthy qualities. Do such modern concepts of "homosexual" or "heterosexual" apply here? psychology questions and answers; Carefully Discuss The Idea Of Care In SYMPOSIUM By Plato ; Question: Carefully Discuss The Idea Of Care In SYMPOSIUM By Plato . In his Symposium, Plato crafted speeches in praise of love that has influenced writers and artists from antiquity to the present. Socrates is likened to Eros by Alcibiades in his speech. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. What is Love's purpose? What does this mean, and what philosophical significance does it bear? Love is in between mortal and immortal, in between beauty and ugliness, and in between wisdom and ignorance. Women are also not described as being able to accomplish pure love or Diotima’s ladder. The men include the philosopher Socrates, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and the comic playwright Aristophanes. Determine which chapters, themes and styles you already know and what you need to … Socrates asserts, against Agathon, that Love is a relational property. Alcibiades’ deals on a different subject: praising Socrates. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. You'll get access to all of the Symposium content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. The lm then abruptly takes essays on the symposium by plato another turn as the country you are lming. What is the importance of the relationships between adult and adolescent males in the text and how are they portrayed? Take the free quiz now! Socrates also says in the final dialogue that tragedy and comedy must both be mastered, which is probably an idea Plato wanted to reflect. Bell, r. L., mccomas, w. F., & engelhardt, 1998). Persons of the Dialogue APOLLODORUS, who repeats to his companion the dialogue which he had heard from Aristodemus, and had already once narrated to Glaucon … The Question and Answer section for Symposium by Plato is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Glaucon had also heard a version of the story. This leads to the love of activities and laws, or customs, leading to the love of certain types of knowledge. Engage with ideas in the speeches and relationships among the characters. In Plato: Middle dialogues …the party depicted in the Symposium, each of the guests (including the poets Aristophanes and Agathon) gives an encomium in praise of love.Socrates recalls the teaching of Diotima (a fictional prophetess), according to whom all mortal creatures have … Please describe what each one means to you. Plato 's Symposium, By Plato 1273 Words | 6 Pages. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. Commentary: Quite a few comments have been posted about Symposium. The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 131 pages and is available in Paperback format. The layer separating the reader from Diotima also serves to imply that this speech has Plato’s views on love, not Socrates’. The Symposium is one of the foundational documents of Western culture and arguably the most profound analysis and celebration of love in the history of philosophy. Philosophy has existed for as long as humans have been able to communicate, and Plato's Symposium is a towering example of an ancient work that still holds relevance today. How do you achieve it? ... plato ancient-philosophy socrates. Does Plato's Symposiumseem to validate or to undercut Foucault and/or Halperin in the matter of whether people generally have, most places and most times, understood sexuality more or less the same way? But questions remain concerning the meaning of specific features, the significance of the dialogue as a whole, and the character of its influence. Specifically, it is “pronounce a eulogy of love, from left to right, the highest possible praise”. It ends in the pursuit of knowledge, or the love of wisdom, which is philosophy. Take our free Symposium quiz below, with 25 multiple choice questions that help you test your knowledge. The first edition of the novel was published in -385, and was written by Plato. The Symposium is one of Plato’s most beloved and widely read dialogues. None of these stories was in defense of a view of erotic love as individualistic and ego-centered. Which of these steps is crucial when doing a close reading of nonfiction? The guests decide not to get drunk, but drinking a little and discuss about love. The Question and Answer section for Symposium by Plato is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Millions of books are just a click away on BN.com and through our FREE NOOK reading apps. The Symposium was written by Plato in the 4th century BCE. However, they could be praised highly or still take part in vulgar love, according to Pausanias’, depending on their actions. The prominent place the Symposium holds in our canon comes as much as a result of its literary merit as its philosophical merit. The Question and Answer section for Symposium by Plato is a great Commentary on Plato Symposium. This trend gained momentum following the 16th-century rediscovery of Plato's works, and Socratic dialogues came to be used for instruction in subjects as diverse as astronomy and music theory. Phaedra … The party goers, present their views on love and desire. Questions for Plato’s Dialogues . But questions remain concerning the meaning of specific features, the significance of the dialogue as a whole, and the character of its influence. Socrates and Aristodemus go to a party given for Agathon, since Agathon has just won a contest for the performance of his tragedy. Questions tagged [plato] Ask Question Plato (424/423 BC – 348/347 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Why does the final dialogue deal with questions of tragedy and comedy as a genre? GradeSaver, 13 January 2015 Web. Interpersonal relationships, that of the lover and beloved, are important in discussing love as well. Love is a relational property because Love does not have any properties of its own. The most important dichotomy created is Pausanias’: Common and Heavenly Love. Mikey G. 31 3 3 bronze badges. The men include the philosopher Socrates, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and the comic playwright Aristophanes. What is loved? Symposium essays are academic essays for citation. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Summary Analysis What is its ultimate purpose? Perseus Digital Library). Plato's Symposium is a dialogue that uses a comic setting of a dinner party to introduce a serious discussion of the question of love. This makes Diotima’s creation by Socrates ironic, especially since she has the highest level of reasoning and leaves the guests in awe. Apollodorus tells the story of a drinking party or symposium that occurs long ago. Why does he go out of his way to set up this structure? This is how Socrates responds to Agathon’s speech. By “comprehension” I mean your ability to understand the major concepts, ideas, arguments, issues and topics that are contained in the text. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis … Does Plato's Symposium seem to validate or to undercut Foucault and/or Halperin in the matter of whether people generally have, most places and most times, understood sexuality more or less the same way? The book has been awarded with , and many others. This problem has been solved! Plato’s Symposium: The Philosophy of Love. What is the distinction between lover and loved one, and how does this distinction play itself out in the different speeches? (born 469 BC) discusses philosophical questions with other characters of his day.2 Most of these are based on known historical figures, but the dialogues are not factual accounts; they are fictional, and often richly dramatic, products of Plato’s philosophical imagination. The story we hear comes from Apollodorus, addressing an unnamed companion. It is how Diotima converses with Socrates. Among the most important of these abstract objects (as they are now called, because they are not located in space or ti… Symposium is perhaps Plato’s masterpiece as a work of art, though other dialogues are of greater philosophical import. Here, an international team of scholars addresses such questions. Plato first defines love by examining the lover, then uses this definition to build an abstract function and purpose of love which places intellectual men above childbearing women. Agathon presents love from the perspective of the loved one, which is significant as he is the passive partner in his relationship with Pausanias. Although the Symposium is essentially a collection of essays from different perspectives, it is widely considered to be a dialogue of the kind that is used in more than two dozen of Plato’s works. Presenting Love as a relation clarifies its position and identifies the flaws in the earlier speeches given. Commentary on Plato Symposium. PLATO: SYMPOSIUM 'Quite clearly, it means love of something.' 'Take a firm grasp of this point, then,' said Socrates, 'remembering also, though you may keep it to yourself for the moment, what it is that Love is love of. Symposium Summary. Rather than relying on dialectic, in which questions are asked to inspire others to introspection, in the The Symposium (Ancient Greek: Συμπόσιον, Sympósion [sympósi̯on]) is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385-370 BC. The Symposium is a particularly dramatic work. The other is to distance the narration from the truth of the actual event. … In his Symposium, Plato crafted speeches in praise of love that has influenced writers and artists from antiquity to the present. Plato. The prominent place the Symposium holds in our canon comes as much as a result of its literary merit as its philosophical merit. Plato's Symposium is an exceptionally multi-layered dialogue. Here, an international team of scholars addresses such questions. This detailed literature summary also contains Topics for Discussion and a Free Quiz on Symposium by Plato. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. The Symposium (Ancient Greek: Συμπόσιον, Sympósion [sympósi̯on]) is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385-370 BC. See the answer. This work is the first major philosophical novel to deal on questions of love in Western literature, increasing the importance of having male sexuality praised as the highest form of love. Diotima’s speech reconciles all the contradictions found in the previous five speeches. How is Socrates portrayed in the dialogues? The ideal Greek homosexual relationship that is being described in the Symposium is that of an older man and a youth - the erastes (lover) and the eromenos (beloved). Q: What … Some speakers depend on these more than others, but contradictions run throughout the text, and can be reconciled, as the five speeches are in Diotima’s speech. Q: What is the meaning of symposium in ancient Greek? Suduiko, Aaron ed. resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. I'm familiar with the concept of integrative thinking but unsure on the details of it that would cover such a complex set of variables. Plato’s Symposium — Study Questions Plato’s Symposium: Plato recounts a drinking party following an evening meal, with guests including the poet Aristophanes, the drunken Alcibiades, and wise Socrates. How do the first five speeches differ from Diotima’s and Alcibiades’? Expert Answer . The marriage between character and thought bursts forth as the guests gather at Agathon’s house to celebrate the success of his first tragedy. Introductory Dialogue and The Speech of Phaedrus, The Speech of Agathon and Socrates Questions Agathon, Diotima Questions Socrates and The Speech of Diotima, Alcibiades' Entrance, The Speech of Alcibiades, and Final Dialogue, Sexuality in Plato’s Symposium and Ancient Greece, Aristophanes' Influence in Contemporary Times: Hedwig and the Angry Inch, Read the Study Guide for Symposium by Plato…, The Impossibility of Evil Without Ignorance and the Progression Toward Good, View Wikipedia Entries for Symposium by Plato…. Let’s take a few more questions ... Plato Symposium Cover picture: Socrates and his disciplesby Gustav Adolph Spangenberg (1828-1891) courtesy AKG-Images. Scheduled maintenance: Saturday, October 10 from 4–5 PM PT On Saturday, October 10th, we'll be doing some maintenance on Quizlet to keep things running smoothly. With wit and insight, they each present their ideas about love — from Erixymachus’s scientific naturalism to Aristophanes’ comic fantasy. Summary Analysis And no wonder: Its theme is Eros—erotic love, the all-consuming passion that has inspired countless poems, plays, novels, songs, operas and (in our day) movies. After this, he must appreciate the beauty of souls over that of bodies. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Symposium by Plato. Συμπόσιον = Symposium, Plato The Symposium is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385–370 BC. The Symposium is a tragedy for an analogous reason: it contains an imitation of one part of such a life, namely, what the Protagoras terms a “symposium of beautiful and good men” who “test each other’s mettle in mutual argument” by asking and answering questions (347d3–348a9). Two answers to this question readily present themselves. You will be asked to work from memory, with no notes or materials. The Symposium (Ancient Greek: Συμπόσιον, Sympósion [sympósi̯on]) is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385–370 BC. The party goers, present their views on love and desire. We cannot, therefore, know how accurate or embellished this account is. Plato's Symposium Access. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. "Symposium by Plato Essay Questions". of Greek, Bryn Mawr College, C1981. We turn to the works of great authors who have written about love to better understand both love and ourselves. This work, … Describe Diotima’s “Ladder of Love.” What does it encompass? Male adults and male adolescents in these affairs were described as lovers of pure knowledge. Summary. He’s only a child when the party happened and told the happenings in the party via the story of Aristodemus. Free download or read online The Symposium pdf (ePUB) book. Symposium By Plato. 6 whom, to judge by vase paintings, playing the flute might be the least of her duties). Plato's Symposium is a dialogue that uses a comic setting of a dinner party to introduce a serious discussion of the question of love. They are not meant to be taken as absolute conclusions. The guests decide not to get drunk, but drinking a little and discuss about love. In male-male relationships, the lover is usually the older man who pursues the loved one, a younger, beautiful man. This provides serious philosophy in a fun way. He tells a story he once told to Glaucon and which he was told by Aristodemus. In Plato: Forms as perfect exemplars …Socrates in the middle dialogues Symposium, Phaedo, and Republic, the exchange is usually interpreted as a negative assessment by Plato of the adequacy of his earlier presentation.Those who consider the first part of the Parmenides in isolation tend to suppose that Plato had heroically come to grips with the… We have not been readily revealed despite continuing research. But in treating this relation as a thing with a nature and properties of its own, Plato is inching toward philosophically dangerous ground. Essay Questions for Final Exam for Plato and Aristotle PHL 491/505 Spring 2010 On the day and time appointed for the final exam (May 10 from 6 to 7:50 pm), you will be asked to write a 250 word answer to one or two questions of your choice from the list of questions below. Aristodemus’ description of him on their way to Agathon’s also has similarities with Diotima’s description of Love. Download: A 116k text-only version is available for download. Download: A 116k text-only version is available for download. Directions: Click on the correct answer. Symposium study guide contains a biography of Plato, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Plato wants to make clear that he is inventing most of the story, and not directly reporting factual events. How so or how not? The other is to distance the narration from the truth of the actual event. SparkNotes is brought to you by Barnes & Noble. Upon reaching this, the lover will see Beauty in its pure form, and give birth not to an image of virtue, but true virtue. 1. What is the relationship between Diotima and Alcibiades’ speech? Do such modern concepts of "homosexual" or "heterosexual" apply here? Take our free Symposium quiz below, with 25 multiple choice questions that help you test your knowledge. Socrates and Aristodemus will attend a banquet at Agathon, with Aristophanes, Appolodore, Pausanias and Eryximachus. In modern times less formal types of Socratic questioning have become mainstays of classroom education and psychotherapy. I'm reading Plato's symposium and I had a question about the section 199b - 201c where Socrates responds to Agathon. Study Questions on Plato's Symposium In the Symposium, Plato gives us one of the most close-up and personal pictures of Socrates we have.Socrates himself never wrote a line that we know of; all that we know of him (his personality, his views, his biography) we get through Plato's ey es and pen. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. One is that these framing devices serve to show the great level of general interest in the symposium. (The choice of one or two is also up to you.) Describe the nature of the lover/beloved structure in relationships. These relationships are praised as the highest, even though they were under complex customs in Athens, possibly carrying stigma. What is the role of women in the dialogues? This prepares us for an event of great importance. Instead the various speakers take turns, as it were, each offering what he knows from his own perspective and then Socrates presents a view that can place the others within a grander scheme. This dialogue is unlike the others of Plato, in as much as , Socrates does not question the others in the dialectical fashion, except briefly. A wealthy businessman that came from Phalerum. 19 likes. Plato Symposium - Is Socrates's Response to Agathon Warranted? The reader must imagine, as the characters deliver their love- speeches, that they do so not from a standing position but reclining on couches, leaning on the left elbow with the right hand free to do whatever. What is the purpose of all these complex framing devices? All of the reading questions for this course are designed to aid in your comprehension of the texts under discussion. Plato, in his Symposium, pointed out that Agathon owned a very expensive set of symposiastic ware that included not only a kratêr, ... Common Questions about Symposium as Part of Ancient Greek Culture. While other works among Plato's middle-period dialogues, such as the Republic and the Phaedo, contain more philosophical meat, more closely examining the Theory of Forms and intensely cross-examining interlocutors, none can match the dramatic force of the Symposium. The men include the philosopher Socrates, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and the comic playwright Aristophanes. Many people associate Plato with a few central doctrines that are advocated in his writings: The world that appears to our senses is in some way defective and filled with error, but there is a more real and perfect realm, populated by entities (called forms or ideas) that are eternal, changeless, and in some sense paradigmatic for the structure and character of the world presented to our senses. What is Love? Plato on Paper. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. Get a verified writer to help you with The Symposium By Plato. Honorable guests were invited to this banquet (symposium means banquet) to happily drink together and tell their wonderful love stories. Gilbert P. Rose.Plato's Symposium Bryn Mawr, Pa. : Dept. The Symposium is one of Plato’s most visual dialogues. For download free NOOK reading apps the full text of Symposium by Plato certain types of Socratic questioning become. 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